Peng Jin (掤勁)

太極拳 倒巻肱 掤捋擠按 掤勁
Taijiquan Reverse Reeling Forearm 1

 

What is the “Peng (掤)” of Tai Chi Chuan?

 

In Tai Chi, it is often said that the opponent’s attack is neutralized by “Hua Jin (化勁)”.

However, it is not easy to deal with quick punches and kicks with “Huajin”.

To make it possible, a skill supported by tradition is necessary.

 

Now, let’s explain the “Peng (掤)” of “Peng Lu Ji An(掤 捋 擠 按)”.

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Bow Stance Walk 4

太極拳 弓歩 順歩突き
Punch with Bow Stance

“An(按)” in Tai Chi is not just a push.

“An(按)” is Tai Chi’s fourth motion and it means a hit.

Tai Chi’s fourth motion produces a powerful impulse by using spiral force (纏絲勁) in the lower body.

 

Let’s explain “An(按)”, Tai Chi’s fourth motion, in bow stance position.

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Bow Stance Walk 3

並進運動 弓歩 太極拳
Translational Motion – Bow Stance Walk

 

Ji(擠) in Tai Chi is a teleportation movement to get in the opponent fighting barrier.

It is the action of taking the opponent’s midline and is related to the gait.

There’s nothing more scary than an enemy’s fist or face appears in front of you instantly.

 

Let me explain more.

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Bow Stance

単鞭 太極拳 弓步
Single Whip

Tai Chi is the northern style of Chinese martial arts, and bow stance is fundamentally used for strikes and punches.

Most parts of the Tai Chi forms (套路) are repetitions of this bow stance.

If you did not master the bow stance, you could not defeat people with Tai Chi’s palm strike.

 

Let’s explain.

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Horse Stance

馬步 太極拳 騎馬立ち
Horse Stance

Horse stance is the fundamental stance in all style of martial arts. Japanese Karate also has horse stance named Kiba-dachi.

In Chinese martial arts, the way of standing differs from school to school.

What does the Tai Chi horse stance look like?

Let’s explain.

 

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Middle Dantian

The theme is Middle Dantian.

 

“Dantian”, which is generally said, is actually Low Dantian, which is located about 10 cm beneath the navel.

This is the center of energy and also the center of gravity of the body.

Stable movement with high efficiency can be done if setting the starting point of movement here.

Low Dantian is very famous as “Dantian”.

 

However, it seems that the existence of Middle Dantian is not well known.

This time, based on my martial arts experience, I would like to talk about Middle Dantian.

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Top Force with The Neck Empty

太極拳 虛領頂勁 虛靈頂勁 虚领顶劲 虚灵顶劲
Taijiquan
Top Force with The Neck Empty

(虚領頂勁 虚霊頂勁 虛領頂勁 虛靈頂勁 虚领顶劲 虚灵顶劲)

In the sports world, there is the word of “entering the zone”.

What does it mean? If you enter the zone, you can drive your best performance.  In this state, relaxing and tense are living together, and your concentration is peak. You are in mysterious state.

 

Traditional theory in Taijiquan tells us an importance of “Top force with the neck empty (虛領頂勁)”.

Today, I would like to explain the relation between “Top force with the neck empty” and “entering the zone”.

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