Insubstantial-Substantial

太極拳 武術の虚実転換
Insubstantial / Substantial in Martial Arts

 

Understanding “Substantial / Insubstantial” leads to learning the essence of martial arts.

 

No matter how powerful strike ability you have,

If you could not hit the opponent, you could not get the effect.

 

A punch delivered intentionally to beat the other can be easily escaped,

Unconscious punches are hard to be avoided.

Here is the difficulty of martial arts and the depth of artistic elegance.

 

So what does it mean to be unconscious?

Let’s talk about the essence of martial arts.

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Palm Strike

太極拳 搂膝拗步 樓膝拗步
Taijiquan Brush Knee and Twist Step

Tai Chi mainly uses palm strikes instead of fist strikes during fighting.

It would be a fist strike has more power than a palm strike.

Do you have such question?

 

Let’s answer the question.

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Peng Jin (掤勁)

太極拳 倒巻肱 掤捋擠按 掤勁
Taijiquan Reverse Reeling Forearm 1

 

What is the “Peng (掤)” of Tai Chi Chuan?

 

In Tai Chi, it is often said that the opponent’s attack is neutralized by “Hua Jin (化勁)”.

However, it is not easy to deal with quick punches and kicks with “Huajin”.

To make it possible, a skill supported by tradition is necessary.

 

Now, let’s explain the “Peng (掤)” of “Peng Lu Ji An(掤 捋 擠 按)”.

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Bow Stance Walk 4

太極拳 弓歩 順歩突き
Punch with Bow Stance

“An(按)” in Tai Chi is not just a push.

“An(按)” is Tai Chi’s fourth motion and it means a hit.

Tai Chi’s fourth motion produces a powerful impulse by using spiral force (纏絲勁) in the lower body.

 

Let’s explain “An(按)”, Tai Chi’s fourth motion, in bow stance position.

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Bow Stance Walk 3

並進運動 弓歩 太極拳
Translational Motion – Bow Stance Walk

 

Ji(擠) in Tai Chi is a teleportation movement to get in the opponent fighting barrier.

It is the action of taking the opponent’s midline and is related to the gait.

There’s nothing more scary than an enemy’s fist or face appears in front of you instantly.

 

Let me explain more.

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Bow Stance

単鞭 太極拳 弓步
Single Whip

Tai Chi is the northern style of Chinese martial arts, and bow stance is fundamentally used for strikes and punches.

Most parts of the Tai Chi forms (套路) are repetitions of this bow stance.

If you did not master the bow stance, you could not defeat people with Tai Chi’s palm strike.

 

Let’s explain.

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Horse Stance

馬步 太極拳 騎馬立ち
Horse Stance

Horse stance is the fundamental stance in all style of martial arts. Japanese Karate also has horse stance named Kiba-dachi.

In Chinese martial arts, the way of standing differs from school to school.

What does the Tai Chi horse stance look like?

Let’s explain.

 

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